Bannockburn (Allt a’ Bhonnaich)
King Robert The Bruce was a freedom fighter & a Scottish national hero. He was born in 1274 at Turnberry Castle, Carrick in Ayrshire. After William Wallace’s (Braveheart !) defeat by King Edward I of England at the Battle of Falkirk in 1298, The Bruce & John Comyn succeeded him as joint Guardians of Scotland.
But by 1304 Scotland was again under English rule during which time Wallace was hunted down, captured & taken to London where he was tortured & executed for treason. In 1306 The Bruce learned of Comyn’s treachery to betray him to King Edward. Luring him to Greyfriar’s Church in Dumfries, a fight ensued resulting in Comyns death. Consequently, The Bruce, in open defiance of Edward is promptly crowned the following month, Earl of Carrick, Lord of Annandale, King of Scots at Scone in March 1306.
He then embarked on a mission to drive the English out of Scotland. Although defeated at the Battle of Methven, he beat armies at the Battles of Glentrool, Loudoun Hill, Inverurie & Brander. He recaptured castles at Balvenie, Duffus, Inverlochy, Urquhart, Inverness, Tarradale & Dunstaffnage & took back the towns of Linlithgow in 1310, Dumbarton in 1311 & Perth in 1312. In the spring of 1314, Bruce laid siege at Stirling Castle but took until June to achieve victory over King Edward II of England at the Battle of Bannockburn. Scottish independence was eventually acknowledged by King Edward III with the signing of the Edinburgh-Northampton Treaty of 1328.
The Bruce died in 1329 & his body lies in Dunfermline Abbey while his heart is buried in Melrose Abbey.